Australia Facts for Kids – Learn All About Australia

Australia is the smallest continent of the world which is surrounded by the Indian and the Pacific oceans. Australia as a country, is the 6th largest country in the world with some unique and interesting facts. We have gathered the complete set of Australia Facts for Kids which will give kids a brief overview about the Australia as a continent and as a country.

Australia Facts for Kids – As a Continent

1. What is Australia?

  • The word “Australia” is derived from a Latin word “terra australis incognita” meaning “unknown Southern Land”.
  • Australia is the smallest among the 7 continents and the 6th largest country in the world.
  • The countries inside the continent of Australia are:
    1. Australia (mainland)
    2. New Zealand
    3. Tasmania
    4. Papua New Guinea
    5. Other islands
  • The continent of Australia is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans.
  • The area of Australia as a continent is almost 8.5 million square kilometers.
  • The country of Australia occupies 7.6 million square kilometers out of the total area of the continent.

Continent of Australia - Australia Facts for Kids

2. Where is Australia located in the World

  • Australia is situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
  • It is located in the South-Eastern side on the world map.

where_is_australia

3. Australia Total Area – Australia Square Kilometers

  • Area of Australia is 8,600,000 km sq.
  • Out of 8.6 Million km square area of the continent of Australia, 7.692 million km square is occupied by Commonwealth of Australia.

4. How old is Australia – Origin of Australia

  • About 200 Million years ago, all the continents of the earth were joined together to for a single landmass, called Pangaea (all earth).
  • This huge landmass broke into two parts in the beginning, about 190 Million years ago.
  • Gradually, the two landmasses broke into smaller and smaller landmasses due to a process called Continental Drift.
  • The final result of the Continental Drift is today’s location of the continents of the world.
  • The continent of Australia was formed as a result of the Continental Drift 33.5 to 37 Million years ago. Australia got separated from its parent landmass and drifted towards its current position.
  • Some archaeologists have speculated that human beings have been living there for the past 60,000 years.

6. How many countries in Australia

  • There are 14 independent countries in the continents Australia and Oceania continent.
  • Commonwealth of Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea are the largest among the countries of Australia.

7. Australia’s Countries

Country

Capital

National Language

population

Area (Sq. km)


Commonwealth
of
Australia


Canberra


Australian English


23,792,009


7.692 Milion

New Zealand

Wellington

English

4,579,000

268,021

Papua New Guinea

Port Moresby

English & Hiri Motu

8,219,000

462,840

Fiji

Suva

English & Fiji Hindi

867,000

18,274

Kiribati

South Tarawa

English

113,000

811

Marshall Islands

Majuro

English

55,000

181.4

Micronesia

Palikir

English

104,937

702

Nauru

Yaren District

English

10,084

21

Palau

Negrulmud

English

17,000

24.42

Samoa

Apia

English

193,000

2842

Solomon Islands

Honiara

English

587,000

28,400

Tonga

Nuku’alofa

English

107,122

748

Tuvalu

Funafuti

English

11,097

26

Vanuatu

Port Vila

English

270,402

12,189

Australia Facts for Kids – As a Country

1. Australia Profile – Australia Country Information

Capital City Canberra
Population 24.13 million (2016)
Area 7.7 million sq km (2.9 million sq miles)
Major Language English
Major Religion Christianity
Life Expectancy 80 years (men), 84 years (women)
Currency Australian Dollar
Species Ailuropoda melanoleuca
  • Australia is the 6th largest country on the Planet.
  • Australia is the 12th largest economy in the world.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte referred to the Australian nation is known as “A nation of small businesses”.
  • Australia is the 3rd most fascinated country in the world for students.
  • The national language of Australia is Australian English.
  • Besides English, more than 300 languages are spoken in Australia. It shows that Australia is a multicultural Country.
  • Australia is considered the “Happiest” developed country of he world.
  • BBC has declared Australia “Lifestyle Super Power” of the Globe.
australia facts for kids
Opera House, Sydney , Australia

2. Official Name of Australia:

  • The official name of Australia is Commonwealth of Australia.

3. Flag of Australia

  • The flag of Australia is made up of 3 sections:
    • the Commonwealth Star
    • the Southern Cross
    • the Union Jack.

flag of australia - australia facts for kids

3. When did Australia become a Country and a Nation

  • Australia became a country on 1 January, 1901. Hence, it became an independent Nation on the same day.
  • Also, on that day the name of Australia was changed to Commonwealth of Australia.

4. How long has Australia been a country

  • Australia has been a country for the past 118 years.

5. History of Australia

  • Archaeological evidence suggests that the first people to settle in Australia were the Aboriginal people. They came from the South-East Asia sometime between 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. They formed a society with a culture rich with traditions that are practiced till date.
  • Australia was first discovered by the Dutch in the year 1606 when European expeditions were made in search of foreign lands.
  • In 1770 the British came to Australia and made settlement at Sydney. They established the first European colony in 1788.
  • There were conflicts among the indigenous people of Australia and the Europeans in which the indigenous people were defeated.
  • The population of indigenous people reduced rapidly due to the diseases brought by the Europeans.
  • In the mid of the 19th century , the first parliamentary democracy was established and Australia began to make progress due to the industrialisation of agriculture.
  • In the year 1901, all the British colonies united themselves and through a referendum established a united federation and as a  result Australia was formed as a country.
Aboriginal people Australia
Aboriginal people Australia

6. How did Australia become a country

  • Australia became a country through a process called “Federation”.
  • Six different British colonies united and formed the “Commonwealth of Australia”.
  • Before this, all states of Australia were different countries.

7. Australia Country Map

australia facts for kids - australia country map

8. Australia Population

  • The total population of the Australian continent is 31.26 million.
  • Out of 31.26 million, 24.13 million people are living in Commonwealth of Australia.

9. Government of Australia

  • Australia has both representative democracy and a monarchy.
  • The parliamentary system of government runs the country with Queen Elizabeth II of United Kingdom recognised as the Queen of the country.
  • A viceroys represents the queen as she lives in the United Kingdom.
  • The Constitution of Australia is the final authority and the authority to exercise its powers rests with the Governor General.
  • There are 3 arms of Government:
    1. Parliament
    2. Executive
    3. Judiciary

10. Countries close to Australia

  • Some countries close to Commonwealth of Australia are
    1. New Zealand
    2. Papua New Guinea
    3. Indonesia

11. Australia is Famous for

  • Australia is famous for three things:
    1. Sydney Opera House
    2. Beaches
    3. Kangaroos
kangaroos
Kangaroos

12. Climate of Australia

  • Australia has many different climatic zones due to its large continental size.
  • The climate in the Southern Hemisphere of the earth is opposite to that of the climate in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • In Australia, December and January are hottest, July and August are coldest.
  • In Australia, the highest temperature limit is 50°C (Central Australia), and the lowest temperature limit is -3°C (Southern Australia).
  • The climatic conditions in different areas of Australia are given below:

    Southern Australia

    1. The climate in Southern Australia is temperate to warm.
    2. Summer daytime temperature ranges from 25 to 30°C.
    3. Winter daytime temperature ranges from 5 to 10°C.
    4. Storms occur during “Southern” summer months from November to April.
    5. The Tasmanian mountains and Australian Alps in the south are very cold. Their peaks remain snow-capped throughout the year.

    Central Australia

    1. The “desert and bush” region lies in Central Australia.
    2. The temperature may go up to 50°C!
    3. Rain may not fall in this region for years.

    Northern Australia

    1. This part of Australia contains the coastal area.
    2. The north coastal areas have tropical and hot climate.
    3. The temperature is above 18°C throughout the year.
    4. The average yearly rainfall in the north-eastern part of Australia is 100 inches.
    5. Sometimes, tropical storms occur in the coastal areas resulting in cyclones and heavy rainfall.

13. Animals of Australia

Australia is home a very wide variety of animals. There are many animals which are only found in Australia and nowhere else in the world. The different types of animals found in Australia are:

  • Mammals

    There are 140 different species of only Marsupials and many other species of Monotremes (egg-laying mammals) and other mammals in Australia. Some of the famous mammals of Australia are:
    1. Dingo (Wild dog)
    2. Numbat (Banded anteater)
    3. Quoll (Carnivorous Marsupial)
    4. Tasmanian devil (Carnivorous Marsupial)
    5. Koala
    6. Kangaroo
    7. Duck-billed Platypus (Monotreme)
    8. Spiny Anteater (Monotreme)

    Koala Australian animals
    Koala
  • Birds

    There are more than 800 species of birds in Australia, half of which are only found in Australia. Some of the famous birds are:
    1. Honeyeaters
    2. Emu (largest and flightless)
    3. Cassowaries
    4. Kookaburras
    5. Penguins
    6. Lyrebirds
    7. 55 different species of parrots

kookaburra birds of Australia
kookaburra
  • Reptiles

    Australia has 21 out of the 25 most venomous and deadliest snakes of the world. There are also many other reptiles like:
    1. Crocodiles (Fresh-water and Salt-water)
    2. Pythons
    3. Tree snakes
    4. Six out of the seven species of Turtles
    5. Lizards
    6. Goannas (Monitor lizards)
    7. Thorny devils

  • Marine Animals

    The marine environment of Australia is home to many different species of different animals. Some these animals are:
    1. 4,000 out of 22,000 different species of Fish
    2. 30 out of 58 Seagrass species
    3. 1,700 different species of Coral
    4. Whales (Humpback, Southern right, Orca)
    5. Dugong (Manatee)
    6. Many Dolphin species
    7. Some different Sharks

 14. Tourist Places In Australia

  • There are many places in Australia to amuse the tourists.
  • Sydney, the largest city of Australia has the following tourist points:
    1. Sydney Opera House (Built in 1973)
    2. Sydney Harbour Bridge
    3. Sydney Beach
  • Besides Sydney, there are many other places in Australia for tourists like:
    1. Great Barrier Reef
    2. Blue mountain National Park
    3. Melbourne
    4. Daintree National Park
    5. Fraser Island
    6. Great Ocean Road
    7. Broom and the Kimberley region
Great Barrier Reef Australia
Great Barrier Reef

15. Australia’s Official Website

  • The official website of Australia is http://www.australia.gov.au/
  • The owner of this website is Government of Australia.
  • This website was created by the Department of Finance.

16. Attractions in Australia

Australia has many places to attract tourists from all over the world:

Some attractions in Sydney are:

  • Sydney Opera House (Built in 1973)
  • Sydney Harbour Bridge
  • Sydney Beach

Attractions from other cities are:

  • Great Barrier Reef
  • Blue Mountain National Park
  • Daintree National Park
  • Fraser Island
  • Great Ocean Road
  • Broom and the Kimberley region

16. Australia Facts for Kids Video

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