Among all the animals in the world, Kangaroo has been of prime interest among the kids. Kids love Kangaroos and so do we. We have gathered complete set of “Kangaroo Facts For Kids” which will help kids in learning all about Kangaroo. We have answered almost all the question that might rise in the curious little minds. You are going to learn about Kangaroo physical description, physical characteristics, its body parts, scientific classification, origin of kangaroos, its diet, habitat, life cycle, population, baby kangaroo facts, adaptations and many more amazing, interesting and weird facts about Kangaroos.
Kangaroo Facts For Kids
1. What Is A Kangaroo
- A kangaroo is a unique plant eating marsupial that is only found in Australia and New Guinea. It has long strong tail and powerful hind limbs that helps it in leaping.
- Marsupials are those animals that carry their young ones in their natural pouch.
- Kangaroos are the biggest marsupials.
- Kangaroos have small head and small front legs. They are herbivores, and regurgitate their food like cows.
- Kangaroo is a national symbol of Australia and is part of Australian ‘coat of arms’ and some currencies.
2. What Do Kangaroos Look Like – Kangaroo Description – Kangaroo Appearance
- Kangaroo is a large grazing animal similar in size to a deer. They have nose and whiskers just like other grazing animals. Compared to their body size, their head is quite small but they have a long snout that helps it in grazing.
- Kangaroos have a strong back, muscular huge legs and long back feet. Their front legs are small and more like arms but they do use them like legs. Kangaroos do not walk instead they hop.
- They occasionally stand in upright position when they sense danger or when other kangaroos arrive.
- The female kangaroos have a pouch called a marsupium where they keep their young ones.
- Their tail is long, muscular and very strong. It is used for balancing when they run.
3. What Does Kangaroo Mean – Kangaroo Meaning
- It is believed that the word ‘kangaroo’ has been derived from gangurru (a word from the Guugu Yimithirr). Guugu Yimithirr was the first language of the people of the area.
- Sir. Joseph Banks first wrote the word “kanguru” in his diary in 12 July 1770.
Another Name For Kangaroo
- Kangaroos are also known as “roos”.
- Male kangaroos are called as bucks, boomers, jacks, or old men.
- Female kangaroos are called as Doe, flyers, or jills.
- The younger kangaroos are known as joeys.
- When in groups they are known as mob, troop, or court collectively.
4. How Did The Kangaroo Get Its Name – Kangaroo Name Origin
- It is believed that a native was asked about the name of the creature ‘Kangaroo’, and the native answered “I don’t know” in his language as ‘Kangaroo’, and so the creature was named as “Kangaroo”.
- The word “kan-ga-roo” is a word used for “I don’t know”.
- James Cook, a british explorer , is believed to be the one who asked the native about kangaroo in 1770.
5. What Is The Scientific Name Of Kangaroo – Kangaroo Scientific Name
- There are four main species of Kangaroo. Each one has different scientific name. They are stated as below.
- ‘Red Kangaroo’, the scientific name of which is ‘Macropus rufus’.
- ‘Eastern grey kangaroo’, the scientific name of which is ‘macropus giganteus’
- ‘Western grey kangaroo’, the scientific name of which is ‘macropus fuliginosus’
- ‘Antilopine kangaroo’, the scientific name of which is ‘macropus antilopinus’
6. Kangaroo Classification – Kangaroo Taxonomy
|Species||Macropus rufus (red kangaroo)
Macropus giganteus (eastern grey kangaroo)
Macropus fuliginosus (western grey kangaroo)
Macropus antilopinus (antilopine kangaroo)
7. Kangaroo Family
- Kangaroo belong to family ‘Macropodidae’. Macropods mean ‘large foot’.
- These animals are found in the Australian continent (the mainland, Tasmania, New Guinea and nearby islands).
- Before 1788 A.D (European settlement in Australia) almost 65 species of Macropods existed. Many species became extinct gradually after 1788 A.D.
- Lagostrophinae and Macropodinae are the two subfamilies in the Macropodidae family.
- Lagostrophinae is represented only by a single species, banded hare-wallaby, while the rest of the species are part of the Macropodidae.
- The term ‘Kangaroo’ is used for the large members of the Macropodidae. Generally the red kangaroo, antilopine kangaroo, eastern grey kangaroo, and western grey kangaroo are termed as ‘Kangaroo’.
8. What Type Of Animal Is A Kangaroo
- Kangaroo is a marsupial. It is a mammal and herbivores.
- Females have pouches that have mammary glands. The younger kangaroos are kept in the pouches until they are able to get out of the pouches.
- Kangaroos are social animals. They live in mobs, and protect each other from dangers.
9. Are Kangaroos Mammals
- Yes, Kangaroos are mammals because they possess all the traits of mammals.
- They are warm blooded vertebrates.
- The skin is covered with more or less hair.
- The mothers feed their children with milk. Infact a female kangaroo can produce different milk having different nutrients. This cause survival of the different aged children.
10. Kangaroo History – Kangaroo Origin
- Didelphimorphia (The Opossum) is believed to be the oldest marsupial. From recent studies it has been proved that today’s kangaroos have been evolved from a common Marsupial ancestor that belonged to South America.
- There are many theories regarding the origin and history of Kangaroos. The theories contradict whether the kangaroos migrated to South America from Australia or migrated to Australia from South America.
- It is believed that Kangaroo lived more than four million years.
11. How Big Do Kangaroos Get – Kangaroo Size
- The largest one among all Kangaroo species is the Red kangaroo having a height of 2.1m or 6.9 feet tall.
- Weight of the kangaroo was 91 kg or 201 lb.
- Length of the head to its trump was 1.6 m or 5.25 ft. Its tail further adds 110 centimeters or 43.5 inches.
12. How Tall Are Kangaroos – Kangaroo Height
- Different species of kangaroos have different heights.
- Male kangaroos are taller than female kangaroos.
Average Kangaroo Height
- An average red kangaroo’s height is 1.5 m or 4.9 feet.
- Height of a red kangaroo male is 1.4 m or 4.7 feet.
- Height of red kangaroo female is 1.1 m or 3.6 feet.
- Average height of a grey kangaroo is 1.1m or 3.6 feet.
- Grey kangaroo male’s height is 1.3 m with tail equal to 1m
- Grey kangaroo female’s height is 1 m with tail equal to 0.84 m.
13. How Tall Can A Kangaroo Get
- They can get to a height of 2.1 m i.e. 6.9 feet.
- The average height of male human is 6.1 feet so compared to us Kangaroos are taller than us.
14. How Much Does A Kangaroo Weigh – Kangaroo Weight
- Depending on species and gender, kangaroos have different weights.
- Red kangaroo male can weigh from 40 Kg to 90 Kg. Its maximum weight can reach to 92 Kg.
- While Red kangaroo female can weigh from 18 to 40 Kg.
- Grey kangaroo male weighs almost 50 to 66 Kg.
- While female Grey kangaroo weighs from 17 to 40 Kg.
- New born baby kangaroo weighs about 0.8 grams.
Average Kangaroo Weight
- Average weight of a kangaroo is 55 Kg.
15. Biggest Kangaroo
- Biggest kangaroo confirmed till today was having a height of 2.1 m or 6.9 feet.
- It had a weight of 91 Kg or 201 lb.
- It was a red kangaroo with a strong and muscular body.
16. Kangaroo Body Parts
- Given below are the different body parts of a kangaroo:
- Ears: Kangaroos have two lengthy erect ears.
- Eyes: Kangaroo have two eyes. Eyes can have different colors like red, blue, grey, brown.
- Head: Kangaroos have a small head with a long snout.
- Arms: They have short arms.
- Hands: Kangaroos’ hands have claws.
- Feet: Kangaroos have long feet. Each foot is four-toed.
- Legs: kangaroos have powerful legs used for hoping.
- Tail: Kangaroo has a long, thick and muscular tail.
- Pouch: Female kangaroos possess a pouch in the belly that possess mammary glands.
- Skin: Kangaroos’ skin possesses fur of different colors depending upon species and gender.
17. Kangaroo Pouch Name
- The pouch is named as ‘‘Marsupium”. Marsupium is a Latin word. Marsupium means ‘pouch’.
- The name marsupial (Family name) is derived from the Marsupium.
- Almost all the marsupials contain the pouch (Marsupium). The pouch contain mammary glands which produce milk. The younger kangaroos are fed with the milk.
18. Kangaroo Pouch Facts
- Only the female kangaroos have a pouch or Marsupium at their bellies.
- The baby stays in the pouch for more than eight months till its fully able to survive outside the pouch.
- The pouch contains mammary glands used for feeding the baby kangaroos.
- Joeys crawl to the pouch and take milk from the glands.
- The pouch is cleaned by the female kangaroo herself by licking.
19. Male Kangaroo Pouch
- Male kangaroo doesn’t possess any pouch.
- Pouch is special to female kangaroos only.
20. Kangaroo Legs
- Kangaroo have two hind legs, and two forelimbs.
- The hind legs are long and very powerful. They walk on the hind legs. Tail also helps in walking with two legs.
- The hind legs are used in hopping i.e making long jumps.
- The fore legs are very small almost 1/3 of the hind legs, while Human have arms of 2/3 length to legs.
- More often, the kangaroos use the fore legs as well for walking i.e using four legs.
- The forelegs can be regarded as arms of the kangaroos.
- Kangaroos fights by kicking the opponent with their legs.
21. Kangaroo Claws
Kangaroos have long narrow hind feet with four toes.
The second toe is large, strong, and has a massive claw.
The third and fourth toes are fused together with skin but they still have claws while the first claw have no primary use.
Kangaroos have short forelimbs having 5 toes on each front foot.
The toes have sharp claws.
They attack the opponent by standing on the hind legs, and punching the opponent on the fore legs.
They are used for fighting, grasping and pulling down branches, and grooming purposes.
22. Kangaroo Foot And Paws
- Kangaroos belong to group ‘macropodidae’’ meaning ‘animal with big foot’.
- Kangaroos have large, and heavy hind paws. Hind Legs are muscular and thick. The fore paws are small and light. The forelegs are relatively weak and short.
- Hopping is the primary means of Kangaroo’s movement.
- They use tails and forepaws for slow motion.
- They have five clawed and curved toes.
- They use the forepaws for grabbing and eating purposes.
- Kangaroos beat the ground through their hind paws in case of any danger, alarming other kangaroos.
- Kangaroo cannot move both hind feet independently.
How Many Legs Does A Kangaroo Have
- Kangaroos have four legs.
- Two fore legs and two hind legs.
- But sometimes tail is regarded as ‘fifth foot of kangaro’. This is due to the reason that tail helps a lot in locomotion. It supports the weight of kangaroo. While standing, the tail stabilizes the kangaroo. Kangaroos use the tail when they move slowly.
- The tail also helps when the kangaroo fights. The kangaroo stand on his tail while fighting. They use the forepaws to hold the opponent and with sharp hind claws, the kangaroo make cuts on the opponent.
23. Kangaroo Special Features
- Kangaroo is well known for its ability of hopping at high speed with powerful hind legs.
- It can cover a length of 30 feet in a single hop with a height of 10 feet.
- The tail which keep the kangaroo in balance is a special feature.
- Kangaroo is special for its pouch, in which the new born babies are kept and fed.
- Kangaroos’ boxing is an interesting feature. It is done for male dominance.
- Female kangaroos can produce different types of milk to fulfill the nutritional needs of their children.
- Kangaroo is a social animal. They live in groups called mobs.
- They often touch and sniff each other noses to build cohesion within the group.
Kangaroo is represented on the Australian Coat of Arms.
24. How Do Kangaroos Move
- Kangaroos move in two ways from one place to another.
- Kangaroo Hop when they move fast. The hind legs are used when the kangaroos hop. This is due to the fact the hind legs are more powerful than the fore legs. Moreover, Kangaroos can’t move with the hind legs moving independently. They move both the hind legs at the same time which cause hopping.
- Kangaroo is considered to be the fastest among animals to hop.
- Kangaroos can move slowly as well called ‘crawl-walking’. In crawl-walking, the kangaroos use their forelegs and tails. Kangaroos move their hind legs and two fore legs with tails turn by turn to do crawl-walking. First they move the hind legs forward, then the fore legs and tails are moved forward.
25. How Fast Does A Kangaroo Run – Kangaroo Top Speed – How Fast Can A Kangaroo Hop
- For short intervals, kangaroo can gain a speed of 70 km/h (44 mph).
- Kangaroo can move easily with a speed of 40km/h (25 mph) for about 2 kilometers.
- Kangaroo move easily with a speed of 20-25 km/hr for quite long period. (13-16 mph)
- Kangaroo is the only large animal that use hoping as a mean of locomotion.
- They jump higher from one place to another and thus do the locomotion.
- They can hop upto a length of 30 feet with a height of 10 feet.
- Kangaroo is the fastest animal to hop.
- A cheetah which is fastest animal on land, have a speed of about 100 km/hr in short durations but cheetah can’t hop while kangaroo hop with a speed of about 70 km/hr.
26. How Long Do Kangaroos Live – Kangaroo Lifespan
Average lifespan of a kangaroo
- On average Kangaroos can live for 6 years in wild. While in captivity it can live for 20 years.
- Kangaroo’s lifespan varies with the type species.
- Red Kangaroo, Eastern grey are more common species and their lifespans are better known.
- Red kangaroo can live for 22 years in captivity. While in the wild, Red kangaroos have an average lifespan of 16 years.
- Eastern grey kangaroos have a lifespan of 20 years in captivity. While in wild, eastern grey kangaroos lifespan is about 8 to 12 years.
- Similarly western grey kangaroo lifespan is about 9 to 13 years.
27. Kangaroo Life Cycle
- Kangaroo pass through to three stages in life.
- Birth stage
At the time of birth, size of kangaroo is about equal to a jelly bean. It’s very small to touch. The baby is blind, hairless, and very weak. Mother lick her fur to make path for the joey to come to the pouch. With much difficulty the newly born make its way to the pouch. For about eight months, the newly born remains in the pouch. The newly born is attached to mother tits as long as it remains in the pouch.
After about eight month, the joey spend some time outside the pouch. First it come out of the pouch for a few minutes. Then slowly the time outside the pouch is increased. The joey remain near to the mother for about ten months. After this period, the kangaroo size is big enough to stay out of the pouch. At this stage, the weight of the kangaroo is almost equal to that of an eight year old girl.
Adult period starts after two years. At this stage, a kangaroo is able to have children of its own. Weight of kangaroo is equal to age of a grown man. Kangaroo can now jump to nine meters with a height of about half meter. Kangaroos mostly die as a result of diseases or injuries caused while fighting or jumping.
28. How Are Baby Kangaroos Born – Kangaroo Birth – Newborn Kangaroo
- Baby kangaroos are born in a very gentle way. The mother is not in much trouble at the time of baby birth. This is because the size, and shape of baby kangaroo is same as a jelly bean.
- At the time of birth, the baby kangaroos have not fully developed eyes, ears, and brain. It can only sense the smell of saliva. With saliva smell of mother, the newly born come to the mother’s pouch.
- Its size is about 2 cm with a weight of less than 2 grams. After birth the baby is very small to move. Mother kangaroo guide the newly born to the pouch by making way in the fur. The baby kangaroo doesn’t possess any senses at the time of birth. The baby attaches its mouth to one of the tits found in the pouch. The baby remains in the pouch till it is secure in the outside environment.
- The pouch is designed in a way that the very small baby doesn’t need to suck the nipple. The milk is forced out by the specialized muscles of the pouch.
- When the baby start moving out of the pouch after 8, 9 months then gestation period of another baby starts.
- The time spending outside the pouch increase gradually starting from few minutes. After 8, or 9 months, the kangaroo is able to live outside the pouch.
29. Kangaroo Gestation Period
- Average gestation period of kangaroo is 30 days.
- The word ‘Gestation’ is derived from Latin ‘gestare’ meaning to carry or to bear. So gestation period is the time from conception till birth i.e the time of carrying the child by the mother.
- For human, the gestation period is 9 months.
- A female kangaroo can control the gestation period. If there is another kangaroo child in the pouch then the gestation period is not started.
30. How Many Babies Do Kangaroos Have
- Kangaroo can have 3 babies at a time.
- First baby is becoming mature. Second developing in the pouch and getting milk in the pouch. While third one still in embryo form, waiting for the second to go out of the pouch.
- Once the developing baby goes out of the pouch, the embryo starts to process.
- The mother kangaroo provides milk with different nutrition in order to fulfill the requirements of the children.
- Kangaroo can’t have twins. In some abnormal cases it can have twins, but very soon the weaker one dies.
31. Female Kangaroo – What Is A Female Kangaroo Called – Female Kangaroo Name
- Female kangaroo are called as ‘does’, ‘flyers, or ‘jills’.
- Height and weight of female kangaroos is lower than that of male kangaroos.
- Female kangaroos have a pouch at the belly. Young kangaroo is kept in the pouch..
32. Male Kangaroo – What Is A Male Kangaroo Called
- Male kangaroo are known as bucks, boomers, jacks, or old men.
- Male kangaroos are heavier than female kangaroos. Their weight can reach to 90 Kgs.
- Male kangaroo are taller than female kangaroos as well. Their height can reach upto 6.9 ft.
- Male kangaroos fight each other. They stand on the hind legs and fight with the forelegs.
33. Kangaroo Anatomy Male
- Male kangaroos have almost the same anatomy as that of female but there are some differences as well.
- The male kangaroos have strong muscular body as compared to female kangaroos.
- The male kangaroos hind limbs are large and strong.
- Their shoulder areas are more muscular.
- In fact they show off their muscles to female kangaroos to get attention.
- Male kangaroos have testes and penis. The weird thing is that the testicles are located above the penis. The penis is separated from the urinary tract.
34. Baby Kangaroo Facts
What Is A Baby Kangaroo Called – Baby Kangaroo Name
- A baby kangaroo is called ‘joey’.
- They are called as joeys unless they are adults, and can spend time outside the pouches.
Why Are Baby Kangaroos Called Joeys
- Joey means any kind of young child or animal.
- This word has come from 1830-40 in Australia. The real origin of the word is unknown.
- But because the baby kangaroo is very small, that’s why it is known as joey.
How Big Is A Newborn Kangaroo – Kangaroo Baby Size At Birth – Kangaroo Baby Size
- A newborn kangaroo have a very small size.
- The size can be as small as a grain of rice, and as big as a bee i.e from 0.2 to 0.9 inches
(5 to 25 millimeters) Reason for this small size is birth at immature stage.
- The female kangaroo give birth to baby kangaroo in 21 to 38 days..
- It weighs less than a gram.
- Baby kangaroos are born after a 30/35 days period in mother’s womb.
- This gestation period starts when previous child of the same mother leaves the pouch.
- At the time of birth, the baby kangaroo has a very small height and lighter weight.
- The baby kangaroo has a weight of about 3 grams and length 2 cm.
- The baby kangaroo don’t possesses any senses at the time of birth, and is very small to touch. It only can sense the smell of saliva.
- Mother of the kangaroo guide the baby to the pouch by making way of saliva in her fur.
- The baby kangaroo slides to mother pouch where it is attached to one of the four tits.
- For about 8, 9 months the baby kangaroo remains in the pouch. Slowly the joey start spending time outside the pouch.
- At the time of leaving the pouch, the baby kangaroo weight is about equal to a 9 years old girl.
- At this stage another embryo start developing in mother’s womb.
35. Are Kangaroos Herbivores
- Yes, Kangaroos are herbivores.
- They eat grasses, flowers, leaves, ferns, and moss etc
- Kangaroos enjoy grains as well.
- They don’t eat other animal’s flesh i.e they are not carnivores, or omnivores.
- Kangaroos regurgitate their food like cows i.e the food is chewed again before full digestion.
36. What Do Kangaroos Eat – Kangaroo Diet – Kangaroo Food
- Kangaroos’ diet mainly consists of food that contain low protein and high fibers.
- Kangaroo’s diet is mainly comprised of Herbs.
- Kangaroos like to eat:
- Kangaroos also eat bark, seeds, sap, bamboo, fruits, and willow branches.
- Many people confuse kangaroos diet as meat of other animals but the true is that kangaroo don’t eat others animals’ meat.
- Kangaroos have habit of regurgitation as well. In regurgitation, certain animals (like cow and kangaroo) chew the food again and again.
Kangaroo Eating Habits – Kangaroo Food Habits
- Being herbivores, kangaroo eat grasses, herbs, browse, leaves etc.
- Like camels the kangaroo can survive without water for quite long time.
- They search for food in early morning and at night time.
37. Where Do Kangaroos Live – Kangaroo Habitat
What Is A Kangaroos Habitat
- Kangaroos are only found in Australia and Tasmania.
- Kangaroos are very adaptable creature and change their places time to time for food.
- They can be found in a versatile habitats such as:
- Savannah desert
- grassy plains
- rocky edges
- Different species of kangaroos have different living habitats such as:
- Grey kangaroos like to live in the forests in trees where they get a moist environment.
- Antilopine kangaroo lives in the eucalyptus woodlands of north Australia.
- Tree kangaroos can be found in the upper branches of the trees in the rainforests of Queensland, and island of New Guinea.
- Red Kangaroo habitat include scrubland, deserts, and grasslands.
Where do kangaroos live in Australia – Where are kangaroos found
- Australia is the only country where kangaroos can be found in the wild.
- Kangaroos like to live in open grassy grounds away from the city.
- Area of New South Wales ‘Murramarang national park’ contain kangaroos.
- Kangaroos can also be found in ‘Bonorong Wildlife Sanctuary’ located outside of Hobart in Tasmania.
- Different species like Red, Gray and different Wallabies species can be found in Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary located on Queensland’s Gold Coast.
- Western grey kangaroos can be found on the Lucky bay in western Australian Coast.
- Kangaroo Island located on the coast of Adelaide, South Australia possess a number of kangaroos.
- Kangaroo can be found easily in many places of Canberra, the capital city of Australia.
- Eastern gray kangaroos can be found in the Grampians National Park, Regional Victoria.
- Narawntapu National park, Tasmania possess many wildlife animals including different species of kangaroos.
Why do kangaroos live in Australia
- After the Australia and Antarctica separated from each other. The animals on each sub-continent evolved differently.
- The animals in Australia evolved to marsupials while on other subcontinents the animals evolved to placental mammals.
- The animals moving between the continents could not survived due to harsh conditions.
Kangaroos can survive in various environments. So if a kangaroos’ mob is released anywhere on earth, they will survive most probably.
- Other subcontinents have animals that might hunt kangaroos, so this might be the reason of no kangaroo outside Australia.
Do kangaroos live in the desert
- Different species of kangaroo like Red kangaroo can live in deserts as well.
- Basic problem living in desert is the availability of water.
- Kangaroos can survive without water or many days.
- Hopping is an efficient way of conserving the energy resources and water.
- Kangaroo hops conserving the food and water. The water is reabsorbed in the intestine which conserve water.
38. Where Do Kangaroos Come From
- Kangaroos are believed to living on Earth for more than four million years.
- Different theories exist regarding origin of kangaroos. The theories discusses that the kangaroos’ migration. Either they migrated from South America to Australia, or they have migrated from Australia to South America.
- The recent surveys prove that the today’s kangaroo is the evolved form of the ‘Didelphimorphia’ (The Opossum).
- The ‘Didelphimorphia’ belonged to South America. So the kangaroo have migrated from South America. Didelphimorphia is believed to be oldest marsupial.
39. How Many Kangaroos Live In Australia – Kangaroo Population
- The population of Kangaroo was 45 million in 2016.
- The population is on growing trend. It was 27 million in 2010.
- In fact, the citizens of Australia are instructed to eat more kangaroo meat.
- Different states of Australia contain different populations of different species of kangaroos.
- South Australia have a Kangaroo’s population of about 2,327,600.
- Kangaroos have a population of more than 1,815,719 in Western Australia.
- Population of kangaroo in South Wales is more than 9,815,115.
- While Queensland contain more than 20,345,243 kangaroos.
- Red Kangaroos have a population of 11,514,298.
- Western grey kangaroos have a population of about 2,348,393.
- Eastern grey kangaroo have a population of about 16,057,783.
- Another specie of kangaroo, Wallaroo have a population of about 4,383,203.
40. Types Of Kangaroos – Kangaroo Species
- There are four types of Kangaroos. These four Kangaroos species are:
- Red kangaroo
- Antilopine kangaroo
- Eastern grey kangaroo
- Western grey kangaroo.
- Red kangaroo is the largest species in kangaroos.
- Eastern grey kangaroo, which is also known as ‘great kangaroo’ is found in western and eastern parts of Australia.
- Western grey kangaroo which is also known as ‘Black-faced kangaroo’, ‘Mallee kangaroo’, and ‘Sooty Kangaroo’ is found in almost all parts of the Australia.
- Antilopine kangaroo, also known as ‘Antilopine Wallaroo’ is found in Northern Australia.
- The larger species in the family ‘Macropodidae’ are called kangaroos and the smaller species are known as ‘Wallabies’ .
Small Kangaroo Species
- Wallabies are regarded as small species of kangaroo.
- Kangaroo name is only given to larger species of family ‘Macropodidae’,
- Wallabies also belong to the same species and sometimes the same genus.
- That’s why Wallabies are also considered as ‘kangaroos’ sometimes.
- Wallabies have a body size of about 45 to 105 cm. This size includes head and body length. The tail adds a length of 33 to 75 cm.
- They are found in Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea.
41. Red kangaroo facts
- Red Kangaroo is the largest among the Marsupials.
- It is also considered as the largest mammal in Australia.
- They have a height of two meters and a weight of 85 Kgs.
- Size of male is bigger than size of female.
- They can attain a height of about 1.8 meters and a distance of 9 meters in a single jump.
- They can run with a speed of 64 kilometers when they sense danger.
- Their habitat includes grasslands, woodlands, and open forests.
- They are found in almost all parts of the central Australia.
- They move in groups of about 10 kangaroos.
- They eat grasses and shrubs. They can live without water for many days.
42. Kangaroo Adaptations
- Kangaroos can live in almost all types of conditions. They can live in forest, semi-arid environment, and desert.
- Their bodies need less amount of water. They can survive without water for many days. Their intestines re-absorbs water, and thus water is re-used resulting in dry faeces.
- They are more active in morning time, and night time when there the environment is not hot. This cause conservation of energy, and water.
- Kangaroos’ hopping is an efficient way of travelling. This also saves energy resources.
- Kangaroo pant when they are hot. They lick their chests and armpits to cool down their bodies.
- Female kangaroos can delay the gestation period and hence can prevent birth of other child.
- They can produce different types of milk for their children. This way nutrients needs are fulfilled by the milk.
43. What Are Kangaroos Predators
- In the wild, Kangaroos fall prey to:
- Foxes (Young Kangaroos only)
- Eagles (Young Kangaroos only)
- The main predator of kangaroo is human being. Kangaroos are kept in farms for getting food (kangaroo meat).
- Many times kangaroos come on roads and are hit by vehicles.
44. Are Kangaroos Endangered – Kangaroo Endangered Status
- No, Kangaroos are not endangered. However, six species of the kangaroo family has been extinct since European settlement i.e after 1780’s.
- There are some species in the family ‘Macropodidae’ which are in danger. That species are killed for many purposes like getting fur.
- Looking into history of kangaroo reveals that kangaroo’s population grow slowly and decline rapidly.
- A large number of kangaroos are killed for many purposes like leather, fur, meat etc.
- There is no data which can show that the kangaroos are in danger but we should not take it easy.
45. What Do Kangaroos Do
- Kangaroos live in groups known as ‘mob’, and ‘court’. In groups, the male kangaroos fight each other to get favorite partner for mating. While fighting, the kangaroos stand on their hind legs and punch the opponent with the fore legs.
- Kangaroos are afraid of human but when they are cornered or threatened, they prove very dangerous.
- When cars etc come on the way, the kangaroo is confused and come in front of the car, causing road accidents.
- Kangaroos travel from one place to other by hopping. Hopping is an efficient way of locomotion.
46. What Is A Group Of Kangaroos Called – Group Of Kangaroos
- A group of kangaroo is called as ‘mob’, ‘troop’, or ‘court’. Kangaroos move in groups.
- The number of kangaroos in a mob can vary from 3, 4 to 100.
- Traveling in groups provide safety to the kangaroos.
47. Can Kangaroos Swim
- Yes, Kangaroos can swim.
- On land, kangaroo can’t move the hind legs independently. But surprisingly, kangaroos move the hind legs in paddle movements while swimming.
- Kangaroos have been seen to swim in 20 feet deep water.
48. Is Kangaroo A Wild Animal
- Yes, Kangaroo is a wild animal.
- It can be kept in captivity as well. In a state in Australia, and America, it is allowed to keep kangaroo as pet. In other states, it is not allowed to be kept as pet.
- Kangaroo can be dangerous to keep as pet. They are not suitable to keep in domestic areas as other domestic animals might catch diseases from them.
- In wild, kangaroo is free, go for grass and food, and survive.
49. Are Kangaroos Mean
- Kangaroos can be dangerous as well when they are angry.
- Kangaroos can stand on the back feet and punch the opponent by the fore feet.
- Different species can be more or less dangerous depending upon their strength and body size.
- They can be more dangerous when they are threatened or cornered.
- People should not come nearer to kangaroos as they can start running which might result in accidents.
- However, kangaroos don’t go for finding troubles i.e they will not come to human beings for attack, but scaring them can cause trouble.
- When nearer to the kangaroos you should not run from them, as they will assume you as another kangaroo, will chase you and fight you.
- Kangaroos fight with each other when they are in group or mob. The stronger one get the mate.
50. Interesting Facts About Kangaroos
- The name ‘kangaroo’ is used or the bigger species in the family ‘Macropodidae’. There species are Red kangaroo, Western grey kangaroo, Eastern grey kangaroo, and Antilopine kangaroo.
- ‘Joey’ is a name given to small kangaroos.
- At the time of birth, size of kangaroo child is as small as size of a bean.
- At the time of birth, the baby is very immature. They don’t possess any senses. The gestation period for kangaroo is 30 days.
- A mother kangaroo can have different types of milk possessing different nutrients.
- One child very small in the pouch, other little bigger which stays outside the pouch but come to pouch for milk, and the female kangaroo has a waiting embryo as well which don’t come into gestation cycle till the first child leave the pouch.
- The gestation period can be delayed as well with environmental conditions.
- Kangaroos are only found in Australia.
- The population of kangaroo in Australia is greater than the human population.
- Kangaroos live in groups. Number of kangaroos can vary from 3, 4 to 100 kangaroos.
51. Amazing Facts About Kangaroo
- Kangaroo is the largest mammal found in Australia.
- Kangaroos have pouches in the belly for keeping their babies.
- They have very muscular and powerful hind legs which help them in hopping.
- Kangaroos can hope to a height of 3 meters or 9.10 ft.
- They can cover a distance of 9 meters i.e 30 ft. in a jump.
- Kangaroos do crawl walking when going slow. In crawl walking they use the hind legs, fore legs and tail or slow walking.
- The kangaroos left hind legs and ore legs separately.
- Kangaroos can grow to a height of 6.9 ft. with a weight of 90 Kgs.
- Female kangaroo can have 3 babies at a time, and she can provide different nutritional milk at a time depending upon the requirement of the babies.
- Kangaroos remain in groups and so they are protected from the predators and other dangers.
- Kangaroo can do swimming where they can move their legs independently.
52. Weird Kangaroo Facts
- On land, kangaroos can’t move their forelegs and hind legs independently but in water, while swimming they can move their legs independently.
- Female kangaroos can produce different types of milk for her babies depending upon the needs of her babies.
- Male kangaroos show off to attain attention of female kangaroos. Male with strong muscles get easy partner for mating.
- It is believed that the name ‘kangaroo’ is arrived from ‘gangurru’ meaning ‘don’t know’, but study reveals that ‘gangurru’ is name of a specie.
- Kangaroo is differentiated from wallabies on the basis of size only but actually there are more differences as well like wallabies have brighter colors and have different teeth.
- Kangaroos have to cover large distances at less food and water. Hopping is an efficient way to do that. Kangaroos have strong hind legs and shorter fore legs which help them in hopping.
- When kangaroos see vehicles, they get confused and come in front of the vehicle causing accident.
- If they feel any danger, they thump their feet to ground to inform fellow kangaroos and warn the opponent or predator.