England is the largest and the most populous of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain. It is an amazing country that hosts a modern multicultural society and is a centre of modern arts and business. It has a rich culture, history that dates back to stone age. We have gathered complete set of England Facts For Kids that will provide you all the England Information that you need to know to learn all about England. You are going to learn about its name, location, flag, history, geography, area, climate, demography, economy, government, culture, food, famous things and many other interesting & weird facts about England.
England Facts For Kids
1. What Is England – Description Of England
- England is one of the four countries that are part of the United Kingdom.
- It is located in the British Isles bordering Wales and Scotland.
- Its capital is London while Manchester, Birmingham, Bristol, and Liverpool are the other large cities.
- England along with Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (shortly described as the United Kingdom or UK).
2. Is England A Country Or State
- England is a country.
- However, it is not an independent country and is a part or home nation of the sovereign state United Kingdom (UK).
3. Why Is England Called England – England Name Origin
- The origin of the name England is the Old English name “Englaland” meaning “land of the Angles”.
- Angels were the people of one of the main Germanic tribes who settled in the region (Great Britain) during the Early Medieval Period or the Early Middle Ages.
4. Official Name Of England
- The official and full name of the state including home nations England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
5. Where Is England – England Location
- England is part of the United Kingdom, which is located on the European continent.
6. England Is In Which Country
- England is part of the sovereign country or state The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
7. When Did England Become A Country
- England became a country in 927 AD.
8. How Old Is England As A Country
- England as a country is 1091 years old.
9. Uk Vs England
|UK (United Kingdom)||England|
|UK or United Kingdom is a sovereign state that includes four parts or countries; England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland||England is a part of the UK.|
|The UK is a completely independent state and has the supreme power of all its four parts||The status of England is as a country in its own right, however, it is not an independent country|
10. England Flag Facts
- The flag of England has a cross of red color on a white background.
- The cross on the flag is derived from the Cross of Saint George (or Saint George’s Cross).
- This cross is linked with Saint George in heraldry from the Late Middle Ages.
- Saint George was a military saint who is often portrayed as a crusader.
- The red cross on the flag of England is also a component of the Union Jack or Union Flag (national flag of the United Kingdom).
11. History Of England For Kids – England History Facts
- In England, humans are living from more than 800,000 years ago, which is revealed by the discovery of footprints and stone tools at Happisburgh.
- The continuation of human habitation date back to about 13,000 years at the end of the last glacial period (LGP) (115,000 to 11,700 years ago).
- In England, there are numerous archeological relics that belong to the Mesolithic, Neolithic, and Bronze Age people, like Avebury and Stonehenge.
- During the Iron Age, Celtic people were the inhabitants of England who were known as the Britons.
- In AD 43, the gradual process of the Roman Conquest of Britain started under the rule of Emperor Claudius.
- Until AD 410, Romans ruled on their province of Britannia that included the whole England and Wales.
- At the end of Roman rule in Britain, the process of the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain began that changed the culture and language of people from Romano-British to Germanic.
- Several kingdoms were established by the Anglo-Saxons and the Old English language was introduced that greatly replaced the previous British language.
- The Anglo-Saxons engaged in wars with each other and with the British successor states in Cornwall, Wales, and Old North.
- After 800 AD, the recurrent raids of Vikings led to the settlement of Norsemen in great parts of the region what is now England.
- During that period, some of the rulers tried to unite many kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxons against Vikings.
- Due to that efforts, the Kingdom of England came into being in the 10th century.
- In 1066, the Normans conquered England under the leadership of Duke William II of Normandy (also known as William the Conqueror) who ruled England from 1066 to 1087.
- From 1135 to 1154 was a time of succession crises in the region which is known as the Anarchy.
- After the Anarchy period, England came under the control of the House of Plantagenet.
- From 1337 to 1453, a series of battles fought between the House of Plantagenet of England and the House of Valois of France, which is known as the Hundred Years’ War.
- After the Hundred Years’ War England became involved in its own conflicts for the control of the throne, which are known as Wars of the Roses.
- The House of Plantagenet was divided into two rival branches; the House of Lancaster and the House of York.
- The War of the Roses ended in 1485 with the establishment of the Tudor dynasty by the Henry Tudor of the House of Lancaster.
- The House of Tudors was later succeeded by the House of Stuart, who made England a colonial power.
- During the period of the Stuart dynasty, a series of armed conflicts between the Royalists and the Parliamentarians took place from 1642 to 1651, which is known as the English Civil War.
- As a result of the war, King Charles I was executed and a series of republican governments were established.
- The first government is known as the Commonwealth of England was a Parliamentary republic from 1649 to 1653.
- That government was then replaced by The Protectorate from 1653 to 1659, which was a military dictatorship under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell.
- In 1660, the Stuarts returned to the reinstate throne, however, it’s another King James II was overthrown in the Revolution of 1688 (also known as the Glorious Revolution).
- In 1707, England (which also comprised Wales) unified with Scotland and formed a single sovereign state known as “Great Britain”.
- After the Industrial Revolution, Great Britain governed as the greatest colonial Empire in recorded history.
- However, due to World War I and II, Great Britain weakened and about all the overseas colonies of the Empire got independence and became sovereign countries.
12. Interesting Facts About England History
- In the 16th century, tex was introduced on the beards of men by King Henry VIII.
- After 1944, no English women were convicted under the Witchcraft Act of 1735.
- During the early years of the 19th century, the British government spent 40% part of its outlay for the freedom of slaves.
- Sausages were also known as the “mystery bags” during the 19th century.
13. Geographical Features Of England – England Geography Facts
- England covers about 65% of the island of Great Britain and also includes the Isles of Sicily and the Isle of Wight.
- To the west side, England is bordered to Wales and to the north side with Scotland.
- There is also an extensive coastline in England along the North Sea, Irish Sea, and the Celtic Sea, Bristol Channel, and English Channel areas of the Atlantic Ocean.
- The entire length of the coastline is 3,246 km (2,016 miles).
- The geographic center of England is somewhere about 32 miles (51 km) southeast of Birmingham.
- The Scafell Pike mountain situated in the Lake District is the highest point, which is 3,208 feet (978 meters) above the sea level.
- The lowest point is located in the marsh region called The Fens, which is -13 feet (-4 meters) below the sea level.
- Basically, England can be divided into two geographic zones:
- The Highland Zone: which is characterized by rocky hills and eroded mountains that also have plains and valleys. The climate of this zone is colder due to more rainfall and less sunlight. This zone includes the Cumbrian mountains, the Pennine mountains, and the Lake District mountains. The Cornwall and Devon counties are situated in the highland zone.
- The Lowland Zone include the Chiltern Hills, Cotswold Hills, North Downs, and South Downs. This zone has fertile lands due to more sunshine and relatively less rainfall as compared to the Highland Zone. Due to the ideal climate and landscape, this zone is the habitat of most of the English citizens.
14. England Land Area – Size Of England
- The area of England is 130,395 km² (50,301 square miles).
England Sq Miles
- The area of England in square miles is 50,301.
How Long Is England
- The length of England from the Portsmouth in the south to the River Tweed along the border of Scotland in the north is 558 km (346 miles).
15. England Neighbouring Countries
- To the west side, England is bordered by Wales and to the north side by Scotland.
- In the entire mainland Britain, England is closest to continental Europe.
- The English Channel separates it from France by a sea gap of only 33 km (12 miles).
16. Map Of England For Kids
17. England Climate
- The overall climate in England is of temperate maritime type.
- In such type of climate, the temperature remains mild.
- In summers, the temperature does not rise more than 32⁰C and in winters, it not falls more than 0⁰C.
18. England Demographics
- According to the 2011 census, the population of England was 53,012,456, which is about 84% of the entire population of the United Kingdom.
- As of 2011 census, the racial percentage of the population was:
- White 85.4%
- Asian 7.8%
- Black 3.5%
- Mixed 2.3%
- Chinese 0.45%
- Others 0.44%
- The percentage of the population on the basis of religion was:
- Christian 59.4%
- People with no religion 24.7%
- People who did not stated their religion 7.2%
- Muslim 5%
- Hindu 1.5%
- Sikh 0.8%
- Jews 0.5%
- Buddhists 0.5%
- Others 0.4%
19. England Inhabitants
- There are over 55 million inhabitants of England, a majority of whom lives around London, the Southeast, the Midland, the North West, the North East, and the Yorkshire.
- Beside British, the inhabitants of England belongs to several other ethnic and racial groups and spoke many languages.
- After English, Polish is the second largest language spoken by England’s inhabitants.
20. What Is The Population Of England – How Many People Live In England
- England’s population was 53,012,456 according to the 2011 census.
- In 2017, it was estimated as 55,619,400.
England Population Density
- The population density of England is 424.3/km² (1,098.9/ square mile).
21. How Many Languages Are Spoken In England
- The following languages are spoken in England:
|S.No||Language||Number of the native speakers|
22. Counties Of England
- There are 48 ceremonial geographic counties (which is also called the lieutenancy areas) in England.
- However, the administrative counties are 50 in number and each one has a county council.
- The ceremonial counties are the following:
|Cambridgeshire||Herefordshire||Shropshire||City of London|
|Cornwall||Isle of Wight||Staffordshire||Devon|
|East Riding of Yorkshire||Northamptonshire||West Midland||Hampshire|
|East Sussex||Northumberland||West Yorkshire||Merseyside|
|Somerset||Suffolk||Tyne and Wear||West Sussex|
23. England Economy
- England’s economy is the largest of all the four countries of the UK.
- The economy of England is also one of the biggest economies of the world.
- Till the 18th century, agriculture was the main pillar of England’s economy.
- However, after the industrial revolution, it became a highly industrialized country.
- England is an important producer country of chemical products, textile, automobiles, locomotives and engines, and aircrafts.
- Since the last three decades, the sector of financial services has a significant proportion in England’s economy.
- The City of London is one of the biggest financial centers of the world where Banks, insurance companies, future exchanges, and commodities are intensively concentrated.
- England’s official currency is the British pound sterling (£).
- The Bank of England is situated in London, which is the central bank of the UK.
- The average GDP per capita of England is £22,907.
- The total Gross Value Added (GVA) of England is £1.5 trillion as of 2016 estimation.
24. England Government
- Since 1707, when the Kingdom of England unified with the Kingdom of Scotland and formed the Kingdom of Great Britain, there has not been any government of England.
- In 1801, the Kingdom of Ireland also merged with the Kingdom of Great Britain and formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland when most parts of the Ireland island got independence in 1922.
- After that in the UK, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland have devolved assemblies, parliaments, and governments.
- However, England remained under the full authority of the UK government and did not has any devolved administration.
- Due to this situation, a political issue created known as the West Lothian question, in which the MPs (Members of Parliament) of Northern Ireland, Wales, and Scotland have been able to vote on the matters that affect only England while MPs of England have been unable to vote on the matters of Northern Ireland, Wales, and Scotland due to devolution.
- Greater London also has a position of devolved power.
- In terms of governance, England is divided into the following regions:
- The nine government office regions
- The metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties, which are the local authority areas
- The ceremonial or geographical counties
25. England Culture Facts
- The culture of England means the distinctive social behaviors, norms, and traditions of English people.
- It is sometimes difficult to differentiate between English culture and the whole United Kingdom’s culture.
- However, the culture of England has some unique features from the other parts of the United Kingdom since the Anglo-Saxon periods.
- The culture of England comprises its unique arts, architecture, languages, clothing items, cuisines, folklores, literature, music, performing arts, sports, philosophy, symbols, and religious rituals and celebrations.
26. Facts About England Food
- The Sunday roast, Fish and chips, and roasted joints are the most famous English foods.
- The apple pie is a traditional English cuisine that has been consumed since the Middle Ages.
- It was the Englishman Josep Fry who invented first solid chocolate of the world in the 1850s.
- The humble sandwich, which is the most consuming convenience food of the world, was named after an English nobleman John Montagu who was the 4th Earl of Sandwich. He had such a strong passion for gambling that one night on the gambling table he ordered a snake of beef simply put between the two slices of bread, in order to not interrupt the game.
- In the 19th century, ice cream was so popular in London that large ice walls were dug in the city and ice was imported from other countries to fill them.
27. Facts About London England
- London is the capital and largest city of England and of the United Kingdom.
- London is also the largest city of the UK with a population of 8.136 million (according to 2011 census).
- Big Ben, one of the most popular tourist destinations in London, is not the name of the tower but is actually the name of a bell within the tower.
- In London, about 300 languages are spoken including Panjabi, Urdu, and Bengali.
- Romans were the first people who inhabit London.
- The Millennium Dome, which is also called just The Dome, is the world’s largest structure of its kind.
- London is the world’s first city that had hosted the Olympics three times; in 1908, 1948, 2012.
- The London Zoo was the world’s first public zoo opened in 1829.
28. Famous Things In England – What Is England Known For
- England is famous for many things some of which are;
- Long history
- Royal family
- Historical sites and castles
- Educational Institutes
29. Weird Facts About England
- Throughout its history, the British Empire has invaded all countries in the world except 22.
- England is the world’s only country that stamps lack its name.
- In England, putting postage stamp with the head of the Queen upside down on an envelope is considered as an act of treason.
- Queen is the owner of all the whales in the surrounding waters of UK.
- The first telephone dictionary of England was published in 1880 with only 248 names and addresses.
30. Interesting Facts About England – Fun Facts About England
- In 1519, Winchester city was selected as the capital of England.
- After the beginning of the industrial revolution in nearly 1760, the first nation that became industrialized was England.
- The distance between England and France is only 50.45 km and both the countries are connected through an underwater tunnel.
- It was an English scientist Tim Berners-Lee, who invented the World Wide Web (WWW) of the internet.
- William Shakespeare was the most dominant English author who wrote Romeo and Juliet and other popular classics.
- Lake Windermere is the largest lake in England, which covers 14.73 km² area.
- Windsor Castle is the world’s oldest royal residence still inhabited by the owners.
- Leeds city of England is one of the rainiest cities in Europe.